i3 wm config file

Around a month ago while I was surfing the internet I became familiar with i3 window manager. It had first impression on me. Immediately, I have installed on my fresh Ubuntu 15.10. Fortunately, it is available in the official repository and therefore, my headache was minimized.

I like i3 because it is handy, minimal and most importantly keeps me focus on the task I am doing. At first, it looks slightly weird for mouse oriented users, though, for keyboard lovers (including myself) is just amazing.

The entire desirable environment took 2 hours to setup and I share my config file in this post. But before I go through that, I would like to mention about my expectations. Basically, I was seeking for was a minimal environment, not anything fancy. I summarized them in below list,

  • Dropbox tray icon
  • Volume applet
  • Network applet (for WiFi)
  • Make Brightness buttons working
  • Volume control buttons

Additionally,

  • A decent file manager
  • Keyboard layout switcher

This is content of the config file,

# This file has been auto-generated by i3-config-wizard(1).

# It will not be overwritten, so edit it as you like.

#

# Should you change your keyboard layout some time, delete

# this file and re-run i3-config-wizard(1).

#

# i3 config file (v4)

#

# Please see http://i3wm.org/docs/userguide.html for a complete reference!

set $mod Mod1

# Font for window titles. Will also be used by the bar unless a different font

# is used in the bar {} block below.

font pango:monospace 8

# This font is widely installed, provides lots of unicode glyphs, right-to-left

# text rendering and scalability on retina/hidpi displays (thanks to pango).

#font pango:DejaVu Sans Mono 8

# Before i3 v4.8, we used to recommend this one as the default:

# font -misc-fixed-medium-r-normal--13-120-75-75-C-70-iso10646-1

# The font above is very space-efficient, that is, it looks good, sharp and

# clear in small sizes. However, its unicode glyph coverage is limited, the old

# X core fonts rendering does not support right-to-left and this being a bitmap

# font, it doesn’t scale on retina/hidpi displays.

# Use Mouse+$mod to drag floating windows to their wanted position

floating_modifier $mod

# start a terminal

bindsym $mod+Return exec i3-sensible-terminal

# kill focused window

bindsym $mod+Shift+q kill

# start dmenu (a program launcher)

bindsym $mod+d exec dmenu_run

# There also is the (new) i3-dmenu-desktop which only displays applications

# shipping a .desktop file. It is a wrapper around dmenu, so you need that

# installed.

# bindsym $mod+d exec --no-startup-id i3-dmenu-desktop

# change focus

bindsym $mod+j focus left

bindsym $mod+k focus down

bindsym $mod+l focus up

bindsym $mod+semicolon focus right

# alternatively, you can use the cursor keys:
bindsym $mod+Left focus left

bindsym $mod+Down focus down

bindsym $mod+Up focus up

bindsym $mod+Right focus right

# move focused window

bindsym $mod+Shift+j move left

bindsym $mod+Shift+k move down

bindsym $mod+Shift+l move up

bindsym $mod+Shift+semicolon move right

# alternatively, you can use the cursor keys:

bindsym $mod+Shift+Left move left

bindsym $mod+Shift+Down move down

bindsym $mod+Shift+Up move up

bindsym $mod+Shift+Right move right

# split in horizontal orientation

bindsym $mod+h split h

# split in vertical orientation

bindsym $mod+v split v

# enter fullscreen mode for the focused container

bindsym $mod+f fullscreen toggle

# change container layout (stacked, tabbed, toggle split)

bindsym $mod+s layout stacking

bindsym $mod+w layout tabbed

bindsym $mod+e layout toggle split

# toggle tiling / floating

bindsym $mod+Shift+space floating toggle

# change focus between tiling / floating windows

bindsym $mod+space focus mode_toggle

# focus the parent container

bindsym $mod+a focus parent

# focus the child container

#bindsym $mod+d focus child

# switch to workspace

bindsym $mod+1 workspace 1

bindsym $mod+2 workspace 2

bindsym $mod+3 workspace 3

bindsym $mod+4 workspace 4

bindsym $mod+5 workspace 5

bindsym $mod+6 workspace 6

bindsym $mod+7 workspace 7

bindsym $mod+8 workspace 8

bindsym $mod+9 workspace 9

bindsym $mod+0 workspace 10

# move focused container to workspace

bindsym $mod+Shift+1 move container to workspace 1

bindsym $mod+Shift+2 move container to workspace 2

bindsym $mod+Shift+3 move container to workspace 3

bindsym $mod+Shift+4 move container to workspace 4

bindsym $mod+Shift+5 move container to workspace 5

bindsym $mod+Shift+6 move container to workspace 6

bindsym $mod+Shift+7 move container to workspace 7

bindsym $mod+Shift+8 move container to workspace 8

bindsym $mod+Shift+9 move container to workspace 9

bindsym $mod+Shift+0 move container to workspace 10

# reload the configuration file

bindsym $mod+Shift+c reload

# restart i3 inplace (preserves your layout/session, can be used to upgrade i3)

bindsym $mod+Shift+r restart

# exit i3 (logs you out of your X session)

bindsym $mod+Shift+e exec "i3-nagbar -t warning -m 'You pressed the exit shortcut. Do you really want to exit i3? This will end your X session.' -b 'Yes, exit i3' 'i3-msg exit'"

# resize window (you can also use the mouse for that)

mode "resize" {

# These bindings trigger as soon as you enter the resize mode

# Pressing left will shrink the window’s width.

# Pressing right will grow the window’s width.

# Pressing up will shrink the window’s height.

# Pressing down will grow the window’s height.

bindsym j resize shrink width 10 px or 10 ppt

bindsym k resize grow height 10 px or 10 ppt

bindsym l resize shrink height 10 px or 10 ppt

bindsym semicolon resize grow width 10 px or 10 ppt

# same bindings, but for the arrow keys

bindsym Left resize shrink width 10 px or 10 ppt

bindsym Down resize grow height 10 px or 10 ppt

bindsym Up resize shrink height 10 px or 10 ppt

bindsym Right resize grow width 10 px or 10 ppt

# back to normal: Enter or Escape

bindsym Return mode "default"

bindsym Escape mode "default"

}

bindsym $mod+r mode "resize"

# Start i3bar to display a workspace bar (plus the system information i3status

# finds out, if available)

bar {

status_command i3status

}

exec --no-startup-id dropbox start

exec volumeicon

exec nm-applet

bindsym Control+Mod1+l exec gnome-screensaver-command -l

bindsym XF86AudioMute exec pactl set-sink-mute 1 toggle

bindsym XF86AudioRaiseVolume exec pactl set-sink-volume 1 +5%

bindsym XF86AudioLowerVolume exec pactl set-sink-volume 1 -5%

bindsym XF86MonBrightnessDown exec xbacklight -dec 10

bindsym XF86MonBrightnessUp exec xbacklight -inc 10

For file manager I do recommend PCManFm. In Ubuntu you can install like this,

$ sudo apt-get install pcmanfm

Language layout switcher is not working sadly and I have to start it by myself with this command,

$ setxkbmap -option grp:switch,grp:alt_shift_toggle us,ir

I have also gathered list of useful shortcuts,

  • $mod + D : Open application launcher
  • $mod + Enter : Open a new terminal
  • $mod + 1,2,3 : Moving to workspace number 1,2,3
  • $mod + Arrow keys : Switch between windows
  • $mod + H : A new window open horizontally
  • $mod + V : A new window open vertically
  • $mod + Shift + Q : Close the window
  • $mod + Shift + Arrow keys : Change position of the window
  • $mod + 1,2,3 : Move to a new deskspace
  • $mod + F : Fullscreen
  • $mod + S : Move vertical window in stack move
  • $mod + E : Back to default configuration
  • $mod + W : Switch to tabbed move like browser
  • $mod + R : Resize mode for the active window, to exit (ESC)
  • $mod + Shift + Space : Move to floating move where can move the window. To move back press again
  • $mod + Shift + C : Reload configuration file
  • Shift + Delete : Cut
  • Shift + Insert : Paste
  • Ctrl + Insert : Copy

To get the complete configuration of my i3 and other dot files, refer to below link:

https://github.com/kasramp/mydotfiles

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